Safeguarding Policy & Procedure
Skills for Security Limited is committed to providing and promoting the best and safest learning environment possible to ensure learners can succeed and staff can feel secure.
We ensure that all members of staff are completing online learning, standardisations and meetings to keep up to date with the requirements of safeguarding. Safeguarding is paramount at Skills for Security Limited and will embed the policy throughout the company. Guidance and support is offered to all members of staff and a clear defined process has been completed to ensure that this is effective. The safeguarding policy and safeguarding issues are discussed a board level. Lead safeguarding officer will update the board on ongoing issues. The safeguarding team will also promote and liaise with employers to discuss this via face to face visits, email updates and learner reports
It is the policy of Skills for Security Limited that all members of staff who have responsibility for the delivery of training/assessing young people up to the age of 18 and vulnerable adults will be aware of their “Duty of Care” towards those young people in accordance with the Protection of Children Act 1999 and the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006.
Furthermore Skills for Security Limited will report all cases where the well being of a child or vulnerable adult is threatened to the relevant Local Authority Social Services Department (Cheshire East 01244 973338 firstname.lastname@example.org or local police force and will log this information on the Safeguarding intranet site and in the Safeguarding and Young Persons and Vulnerable Adults file.
SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED also requires that all partners in the delivery of training to young people have themselves undergone an enhanced disclosure check by the Disclosure & Barring Service (DBS) and are aware of this policy and that they must co-operate with SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED to enable the policy to be fully effective.
All staff that has responsibility for delivering training/assessing to children and young people will have been recruited in line with our safe recruitment procedure and will receive appropriate training on safeguarding.
All staff, apprentices and visitors read, understand and sign the internet policy within the HR handbook as regards their responsibilities to safe internet use
The following sections describe the operation of the SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED policy.
All those who come into contact with children, young people or vulnerable adults in the course of their work have a duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of those young people.
The need to take action resulting from this policy will, hopefully, be a very rare event but there are two ways you may possibly be involved in protection issues:
You may have to refer concerns about a child or vulnerable adult to the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person at SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED, who in turn may refer to Social Services or the police
You may be approached by Social Services and asked to provide information or to attend a meeting to discuss any areas of concerns
The following notes are intended to give guidance to all those with responsibilities affected by this policy.
Definition of Safeguarding
Definition of Child Abuse
Definition of Child in Need
Definition of Vulnerable Adult
Definition of Abuse of a Vulnerable Adult
SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED adopts the definition used in the Children & Young Persons Act 2008 and the Department of Education (DCSF – now DfE) guidance document Working Together to Safeguard Children (2010, paragraph 1.20), which focuses on safeguarding and promoting children and young people’s welfare and can be summarised as:
Protecting children/young people from maltreatment
Preventing impairment of children’s/young people’s health or development
Ensuring that children/young people are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care, and
Undertaking that role so as to enable those children/young people to have optimum life chances and to enter adulthood successfully
Child Abuse refers to actual or likely significant harm to a child or young person under the age of 18 years.
The Concept of Significant Harm
Some children or vulnerable adults are in need because they are suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. The Children Act 2004 introduced the concept of significant harm as the threshold that justifies compulsory intervention in family life in the best interests of children, and gives local authorities a duty to make enquiries to decide whether they should take action to safeguard or promote the welfare of a child who is suffering, or is likely to suffer significant harm.
A court may make a care order (committing the child to the care of the local authority) or supervision order (putting the child under the supervision of a social worker, or a probation officer) in respect of a child if it is satisfied that:
The child is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm, (including impairment suffered from seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another); and
The harm or likelihood of harm is attributable to a lack of adequate parental care or control (section 31 of the Act)
How Children/Young People Can Be Abused
Children / Young People may be abused through:
Physical - Violence
Sexual Abuse & Exploitation – Forced to engage in sexual activity
Neglect - Not being provided with the basic things needed for them to thrive (e.g. food, warmth, clothing)
Emotional & Psychological - Being made to feel unwanted, ugly, worthless, guilty or unloved
Recognising or suspecting that a young person is being abused may be stressful and upsetting. It is easy for people to believe that it couldn’t happen to those with whom they have contact.
Young people are harmed in all sorts of families and in most instances the person causing the harm is well known to them.
The Types of Abuse
Physical Abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child or vulnerable adult, including by fabricating the symptoms of, or deliberately causing, ill health to a young person.
Emotional & Psychological Abuse is the persistent emotional and psychological ill-treatment of a child / young person such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the young person’s emotional development. It may involve conveying to them that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or unvalued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person, age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed, causing them frequently to feel frightened, or the exploitation or corruption of young people.
Sexual Abuse & Sexual Exploitation involves forcing or enticing a young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not they are aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative (e.g. rape or buggery) or non-penetrative acts with a single or group of people. They may include involving them in looking at, or in the production of, pornographic material, or encouraging them to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.
Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a young persons basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the their health or development, such as failing to provide adequate food, shelter and clothing, or neglect of, or unresponsiveness to their basic emotional needs.
Child / Vulnerable Adult in Need
A child who is defined as being ‘in need’, under the Children Act 2004, is one whose vulnerability is such that they are unlikely to reach or maintain a satisfactory level of health or development, or their health and development will be significantly impaired, without the provision of services (s17(10) of the Children Act 2004).
The critical factors to be taken into account in deciding whether a child is in need under the Children Act 2004 are what will happen to a child’s health or development without services, and the likely effect the services will have on the child’s standard of health and development.
A vulnerable adult is defined by the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 as a person who is aged 18 years or over and who:
is living in residential accommodation, such as a care home or a residential special school
is living in sheltered housing
is receiving domiciliary care in their own home
is receiving any form of healthcare
is detained in lawful custody (in a prison, remand centre, young offender institution, secure training centre or attendance centre, or under the powers of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999)
is under the supervision of the probation services
is receiving a welfare service defined as the provision of support, assistance or advice by any person, the purpose of which is to develop an individual’s capacity to live independently in accommodation or support their capacity to do so
is receiving a service or participating in an activity for people who have particular needs because of their age or who have any form of disability
is an expectant or nursing mother living in residential care
is receiving direct payments from a local authority or health and social care trust in lieu of social care services.
Note, however, that people are not vulnerable adults just because of any learning difficulty or learning disability. They will be defined as vulnerable adults when they receive health, social care or other services, or activities specifically for those with learning difficulties and/or disabilities.
The Definition of Abuse of Adults
This definition is taken from the document ‘No Secrets’, paragraph 2.5.
Abuse is a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights by other person or persons. Abuse may consist of single or repeated acts. It may be physical, verbal or psychological, it may be an act of neglect or omission to act, or it may occur when a vulnerable person is persuaded to enter into a financial or sexual transaction to which he or she has not consented, or cannot consent. Abuse can occur in any relationship and may result in significant harm to, or exploitation of, the person subjected to it.
What Is Meant by Abuse of Vulnerable Adults?
In addition to definitions provided above, in the context of vulnerable adults the following outlines the main forms of abuse:
Physical Abuse, including hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking, misuse of medication, restraint, or inappropriate sanctions
Sexual Abuse, including rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could not consent or was pressured into consenting
Psychological / Emotional Abuse, including emotional abuse, threats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation, or withdrawal from services or supportive networks
Financial / Material Abuse, including theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with wills, property or inheritance or financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possessions or benefits
Neglect, including ignoring medical or physical care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services, the withholding of the necessities of life, such as medication, adequate nutrition and heating
Discriminatory Abuse, based on disability, gender, race, age, religion or belief, gender reassignment and sexual orientation and other forms of harassment, slurs or similar treatment.
Institutional Abuse, which can sometimes happen in residential homes, nursing homes or hospitals, when people are mistreated because of poor or inadequate care, neglect and poor practice that affects the whole of that service.
Peer Abuse (Sexual Violence, Sexting, Peer on Peer abuse)
Incidents of abuse may be multiple, either to one person in a continuing relationship or service context or to more than one person at a time.
Any of these forms of abuse can be either deliberate or be the result of ignorance, or lack of training, knowledge or understanding.
Signs & Indicators of Possible Abuse
The recognition that a child or vulnerable adult may be being abused can be very difficult. This is because indicators of possible abuse will come to your attention through a phone call, letter, fax or email, perhaps from a young parent or other professional, rather than staff actually observing any physical or emotional/behavioural signs from the child.
It is not your responsibility to decide if a child or vulnerable adult has been abused; it is your responsibility to raise cause for concern and to refer on.
How Abuse or Possible Abuse May Come to the Attention of Staff
The harm or possible harm of a young person is most likely to come to the attention of staff by means of:
The young person telling someone about the abuse
The young person’s behaviour
An injury which aroused cause for concern
Cause for concern being raised (when a number of factors occurred over time)
Written communication from a concerned person by letter, fax or email
In all cases where abuse is suspected or a sustainable allegation is made, the member of staff should report the information to the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person immediately.
The member of staff and Designated Lead Safeguarding Person will ensure the immediate safety of the young person/vulnerable adult. They will not promise confidentiality or agree to keep something secret. They will not investigate the matter themselves, but will seek to obtain the necessary information to make an informed referral, ensuring that they avoid asking leading questions. They will make and keep a record of the incident and actions taken.
The Designated Lead Safeguarding Person will refer these cases to, or discuss them with, the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) who will liaise with other agencies according to the procedures established by the Local Safeguarding Children’s Board (LSCB). In the case of a vulnerable adult, this should be referred to the Local Authority Adult Services / Social Services department.
If the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person is unsure about whether a case should be formally referred or has a general concern about a child's health or development, he or she can seek advice and support from the local Social Services department, the NSPCC or the LADO.
Where professionals should seek, in general, to discuss any concerns with the family and, where possible, seek their agreement to make a referral to Social Services, this should only be done where such discussion and agreement will not place a child or vulnerable adult at increased risk of significant harm.
The above is helpful for staff involved to understand the responsibilities placed on professionals who work with children and families. However, work with children and families, where there are concerns about a child or vulnerable adult’s welfare is sensitive and difficult. This difficulty is heightened for SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED staff because information will usually have been received from a third party, and a close relationship with the child/vulnerable adult and/or parent does not exist.
SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED’S policy, therefore, is to refer all cases where the well-being of a young person is threatened and without any discussion or agreement with the young person’s parent
The protection of young people from abuse must have first priority and even if your cause for concern or those of someone else prove to be unfounded, your action is justifiable if based on genuine concern for the child’s safety.
Having reported your concerns to the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person, the decision about what further action, if any, will be taken is the responsibility of the LADO or the Local Authority Social Services Department.
Whether or not to make a referral which could activate a child protection investigation is a serious decision and will require careful judgement. If the need should arise, the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person will refer the case to members of the Safeguarding Committee, without delay, for agreement on the course of action to be taken.
When referring a case of suspected or alleged abuse, the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person should ask to be informed of the timing of the strategy discussion between the statutory agencies which will decide whether and how to investigate. The Designated Lead Safeguarding Person should clarify with the investigating agencies when, how and by whom the parents and the child will be told that a referral has been made.
A member of staff, either the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person or another member of staff who knows the student best, should be prepared to provide any relevant information/evidence.
Information about young person protection concerns in relation to a child / young person is confidential. Staff should make sure they forward all information confidentially to the Designated Lead Safeguarding Person; they keep copies of any written information in a safe place, and never talk about the young person’s background except with those professionals involved.
The sharing of information between agencies should be done in accordance with any protocols in existence in relation to the Data Protection Act 2018.
However, the law permits the disclosure of confidential information necessary to safeguard a child or children or vulnerable adult(s) in the public interest; that is, the public interest in their protection may override the public interest in maintaining confidentiality. Disclosure should be justifiable in each case, according to the particular facts of the case and legal advice will be sought in cases of doubt.
Recording Of Information & Sources
SKILLS FOR SECURITY LIMITED staff will record information received using the “Young Person Protection Recording Form”. A copy is provided within this document.
Click below to download the Young Person/Vulnerable Adult Protection Recording Form